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jumpcueman ♡ 48 ( +1 | -1 )
TEMPO, TEMPI, SPACE and MATERIAL Hello my friends,

I am wondering if anyone could give me examples of the terms TEMPO, TEMPI, SPACE and MATERIAL - is there a good site that explains this in detail? When to try gain tempi etc. I dont fully understand the concepts - although meterial to me means that you have a material advantage bases upon the pieces that have been removed from the board.

Please explain this to me as the beginner I am

cryptos ♡ 94 ( +1 | -1 )
definitions TEMPO - can mean literally one move, hence the plural TEMPI, but usually used in the sense of initiative. i.e. you can make a few moves that make threats and force your opponent to react.
SPACE - literally how much room you have to move your pieces. In theory if your pawns are well advanced you have more manoeuvring space, especially for knights, and can plan a straightforward breakthrough (not always so easy! :). Your opponent can have a hard time of it if you restrict his ability to move his pieces.
MATERIAL - how many pieces/pawns etcetera you have on the board. The Fred Reinfeld points scale for calculating who has an advantage is Q=9, R=5, B=3, N=3, P=1. If you tot up the points for your pieces and pawns and you have more than your opponent, then generally speaking you are winning. Of course there are exceptions, for instance if you make a sacrifice which leads to mate, when you are temporarily down in material but clearly winning.
brobishkin ♡ 53 ( +1 | -1 )
Well... For one thing "Tempo" and "Tempi" are both the same thing... So I can see how you don't quite have a grasp on things with chess terms... Tempo (meaning a gain on time) is where an opponent makes a move to where you have to react directly to... A good example is a Knight threatening a Queen... After which one can say the opponent with the Knight seems to (at the moment) be in control of the games tempo...

Space (more room or control of the board) is really self explainitory... As well as material (more peices on the board)...

dysfl ♡ 116 ( +1 | -1 )
Subjective definition The above explanations are very good. If you want more, “Logical Chess : Move by Move” is a really good book to get the basic concepts explained in annotated games in detail.

Here is my subjective interpretation at my level (1500 GK) :

Tempo – Making the opponents spend more moves than you during opening period. For example, if the opponents made a Bishop check but you blocked it by a pawn push, the Bishop should retreat and lost the tempo as it moved twice. Sometimes, it is better give tempo to the opponents to make the ideal set-up for your side. In the beginner’s games, tempo is not that important issue as the game will become tactical so early.

Space – Making more squares from the board available to me. Usually made by pushing pawns while keeping a good formation. If you lose space, Bishop or Knight will spend more time to move around or even get stuck.

Material – Subgroup of chess pieces. Bishop/Knight/Rook. So medium valued pieces (pawn value 3 to 5). Losing a Bishop could be said as losing a material, but not the pawn or Queen.
jumpcueman ♡ 37 ( +1 | -1 )
reply Thanks very much for the responses so far, I have bought the book Logical Chess : Move by Move and will look at it closely over the next few months.
It seems I need to concentrate more on what effect my moves will have on teh tempo and space during the opening and end game.

I appreciate all your efforts to this point!!!!

baseline ♡ 48 ( +1 | -1 )
GM Larry Evans Wrote a good little book back in 1959 called "New Ideas in Chess" the book was updated in 1994 by Dover and republished. Of course the ideas are not really new since Tarrasch was already teaching this way nearly 100 years ago! :o) anyway Evans breaks the elements into:

pawn structure, space, force & time

You can most like pick up a used copy of this book for a song, I found it very helpful when I was at your level.
daffydoug ♡ 32 ( +1 | -1 )
Seirawan (Sp?) well, maybe I didn't get the name spelling correct, but the man wrote an excellent book explaining these precise concepts in detail and simple enough for a begginer to understand.

After I get a chance to look through my chess libraray, I'll find the title and get back with you.

Book is HIGHLY recommended!
jjw109 ♡ 97 ( +1 | -1 )
Seirawan books Seirawan actually has a series of books published by Everyman Chess (about $20 US), including books specifically on tactics, strategies, openings, endings, etc. I have only the book on tactics but it's pretty good, and I think would be even better for beginning/intermediate players. Each chapter is dedicated to specific tactics, e.g., pins, sacrifices, combinations, and so on, with puzzles at the end of each chapter, many from IM/GM-level play. These puzzles are useful even if you know what you're looking for. But he also has some tests at the end of the book where the specific tactics concepts are scrambled. He also has a few chapters highlighting and annotating games by historical tacticians.

I'm sure the other books are of similar quality, and again would be primarily useful for beginning/intermediate level players trying to better their chess play.

Good luck to all, and may you someday get a chance to windmill an opponent--you'll never forget that game(s), I know I haven't!
jumpcueman ♡ 39 ( +1 | -1 )
thx Thanks guys, I am just finishing off the book on tactics from seirawan, i really like the style he uses in writing his books - its suits me! I am on the chapter just before windmills and been looking forward to getting there!!! I do have an idea on what these words mean but I thought I would look to my peers to see if I was incorrect on any of them

Thanks again,